Henri Rousseau

1844 Born at Laval. Later attends the lycée in Laval but receives no artistic training.

1871 He is working by this date for the Paris municipal toll service, collecting dues at the entry gates to the city. This gave rise to his later nickname of Le Douanier but he never rose to the rank of customs officer.

1884 He is known to have had a permit to copy works in the Louvre by this date.

1885 Showed two works at the Salon, both derided by the critics.

1886 Paul Signac encourages Rousseau to exhibit at the Salon des Indépendants. Thereafter, he exhibits regularly at this annual show.

1893 He retires in order to spend more time painting.

1905 Exhibits his work at the Salon d’Automne (the year of Les Fauves). Meets Picasso, Robert Delaunay and the poet and critic Guillaume Apollinaire.

1908 Picasso holds a banquet in Rousseau’s honour.

1910 Dies in Paris.

1911 The Salon des Indépendants holds a retrospective of his work.


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Henri Rousseau - Selected Works

1886 Carnival Evening, Philadelphia Museum of Art

c1890 The Customs Post, London, Courtauld Institute Galleries

1890 Myself: Portrait - Landscape, Prague, Národní Gallerie

1891 Tiger in a Tropical Storm, London, National Gallery

1892 The Centennial of Independence, Malibu, J Paul Getty Museum

1894 War, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1897 The Sleeping Gypsy , New York, MOMA

1897 Portrait of Madame M, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1898 Eiffel Tower , Houston, Museum of Fine Arts

c1905 The Wedding Party, Paris, Musée de l’Orangerie

1906 The Merry Jesters, Philadelphia Museum of Art

1907 The Snake Charmer, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1907 The Representatives of Foreign Powers Coming to Greet the Republic as a Sign of Peace, Paris, Musée Picasso

1908 The Football Players, New York, Guggenheim Museum

1909 Notre Dame , Washington DC, Phillips Collection

1910 The Dream, New York, MOMA

1910 The Waterfall, Chicago, Art Institute

Henri Rousseau - Featured Paintings

© Great Works of Western Art 2019